These results have limited generalizability, however. Participants were 65 inpatients between the ages of 13 and 17.
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Adolescents, especially girls, are at increased risk for STIs, including HIV, as a result of coercive and violent sex.
Sexual coercion is associated with having multiple sexual partners, unprotected sex, alcohol and/or drug use before sex, substance use, and STIs (From a public health perspective, primary prevention of IPV is desirable, although most of the available research focuses on the health care response to the survivors of IPV, both while a woman is still exposed to abuse (secondary prevention) and when she is experiencing the long-term health problems associated with IPV (tertiary prevention).
The research concerning adolescents has often examined different outcomes, including dating as well as other forms of violence committed by adolescents., exposure to domestic violence, destructive communication, gender stereotyping, and attitudes accepting of domestic violence mediated the observed relationship between ethnic minority status, low levels of parent education, and expressed In one large sample of African-American males living in or near public housing projects, violence exposure was strongly associated with expressed violence, but the effects were moderated when youth were less depressed and had a stronger sense of purpose in life.
Researchers who separated the effects of domestic and community violence found that only domestic violence affected the functioning of a group of high-risk adolescents and that the impact was moderated by the adolescents’ self-reported social support.IPV is defined as emotional, physical, or sexual abuse, or stalking that occurs among individuals in an intimate (close) relationship including current and former spouses and dating partners.IPV is also commonly known as domestic violence, wife abuse, or when referring to adolescents and young adults, as .Current estimates in the United States suggest that approximately 50% of sexual assault cases involving adolescents and young adults involve alcohol consumption ( reported on alcohol use, IPV, and sexual coercion and HIV among 3,422 Ugandan women in adolescence and early young adulthood.The findings indicated that alcohol use before sex was associated with a higher rate of physical violence and sexual coercion, as well as a higher prevalence of HIV.The chapter will conclude with some of the challenges that will need to be addressed to further social epidemiologic IPV research.