They have pervaded the country, from New England to Louisiana; – they are neither peculiar to the eternal snows of the former, nor the burning suns of the latter; — they are not the creature of climate–neither are they confined to the slaveholding, or the non-slaveholding States.
Alike, they spring up among the pleasure hunting masters of Southern slaves, and the order loving citizens of the land of steady habits.
Said Lincoln to the pro-temperance Washingtonian Society: “Too much denunciation against dram sellers and dram-drinkers was indulged in. It was impolitic, because, it is not much in the nature of man to be driven to any thing; still less to be driven about that which is exclusively his own business; and least of all, where such driving is to be submitted to, at the expense of pecuniary interest, or burning appetite.” Public opinion must be addressed, even when addressing an issue of principle.
This disposition is awfully fearful in any community; and that now exists in ours, though grating to our feelings to admit, it would be violation of truth, and an insult to our intelligence, to deny.Accounts of outrages committed by mobs, form the every-day news of the times.As the patriots of seventy-six did to the support of the Declaration of Independence, so to the support of the Constitution and Laws, let every American pledge his life, his property, and his sacred honor;– let every many remember that to violate the law, is to trample on the blood of his father, and to tear the [charter] of his own, and his children’s liberty.Let reverence for the laws, be breathed by every American mother, to the lisping babe, that prattles on her lap – let it be taught in schools, in seminaries, and in colleges; – let it be written in Primmers, spelling books, and in Almanacs; – let it be preached from the pulpit, proclaimed in legislative halls, and enforced in courts of justice.“Abraham Lincoln is the greatest of all interpreters of America’s moral meaning,” wrote Lincoln scholar William Lee Miller.
“Lincoln was a particularly worthy interpreter of America’s moral meaning, in the first place, because he stated it with a rare eloquence.Douglas, as an attack on the equality principle of the Declaration of Independence.The Declaration and the Constitution were fundamental to Lincoln’s values. Neely, Jr., wrote: “Although Lincoln took his economic ideas almost uncritically from the Whig party, his view of the American revolution more closely resembled that of the Jacksonian Democrats.Lincoln’s personal philosophy was based on reason and respect for the law. Lincoln believed in laws that imperiously ruled both matter and mind. The past to him was the cause of the present and the present including the past will be the cause of the grand future and all are one, links in the endless chain, stretching from the infinite to the finite.With him there could be no miracles outside of law; he held that the universe was a grand mystery and a miracle,” wrote law partner William H. “Nothing to him was lawless, everything being governed by law. Everything to him was the result of the forces of Nature, playing on matter and mind from the beginning of time and will to the end of it, play on matter and mind giving the world other, further, and grander results.” Because of its basis in reason, there was a consistency to Mr.Lincoln to complex moral analysis and tough political action.